Bali - Pura Luhur Uluwatu
Pura Luhur Uluwatu is located in the village of Pecatu district Kuta Badung regency. Pura Luhur Uluwatu in Bali pengider-ider located in the southwest as a temple to worship God as Batara Rudra. Pura Luhur Uluwatu position is face to face with Andakasa Pura, Pura Batur and Besakih. Because it's generally a lot of Hindus are very confident in the Pura Luhur Uluwatu that as a medium to invoke the gift of life together on this earth.
Therefore, in the Pura Luhur Uluwatu is focused wisesa power or spiritual power of the three gods Brahma emanates from Pura Andakasa, Lord Vishnu from the Siva temple of Batur and Pura Besakih. Three wisesa power that is needed in this life. Dynamics of life will achieve success if the balance Utpati, Stithi and pralina is correct, accurate and balanced.
According to Papyrus (ancient literature) Dewa Kusuma temple was founded at the instigation of MPU Kuturan around the 11th century. This temple is one of the six Pura Sad Goda mentioned in Papyrus Dewa Kusuma. Temple called Pura Sad Goda there are six of Pura Besakih, Pura Luhur Lempuhyang, Pura Goa Lawah, Pura Luhur Uluwatu, Pura Luhur Pura Pusering Batukaru and Jagat.
Since many manuscripts that mention Sad Goda, the years 1979-1980 the Institute of Hindu Dharma (now Unhi) the assignment of the Hindu Association Center conducted in-depth research. Finally concluded that the Pura Sad Goda by Dewa Kusuma Papyrus sixth temple that is set. The ejection was made in the year 1005 AD or 927 Saka, it's based on the entrance to Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple Paduraksa winged use.
The temple at the temple entrance at Serangan Island Sakenan temple in Badung regency. In the temple there is a temple Sakenan Sangkala in the form of Rishi Chandra Apit Lawang which two priests were at either side of the entrance. This indicates the number of years that 927 Saka, it is mentioned in the Papyrus years Kusuma Dewa very precise.
In Papyrus Padma Bhuwana also mentioned about the establishment of Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple Padma as Bhuwana by MPU Kuturan the 11th century. Winged temples like Pura Luhur Uluwatu are also in Lamongan, East Java. Pura Luhur Uluwatu serves as a place of worship of Lord Shiva and Rudra is located in the southwest of the island of Bali. Pura Luhur Uluwatu established based on the conception and Padma Bhuwana Winayaka Sad.
As the temple was founded by Sad Winayaka conception, Pura Luhur Uluwatu Temple as one of the heaven to preserve Sad Sad Kertih (Atma Kerti, Ocean Kerti, Danu Kerti, Wana Kerti, Jagat Kerti and Jana Kerti). While the temple was founded by Padma Bhuwana Conception, Pura Luhur Uluwatu established as an aspect of Lord of the southwest. Worship of Lord Shiva Rudra is worship of God in giving energy to the creation.
Ida Rauh Punyatmaja Pidada has often served as Chairman of the Central Hindu Association said that in the Pura Luhur Uluwatu spiritual energy radiates three gods. Third holy force Gods Tri Murti (Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) fused at Pura Luhur Uluwatu. Because the people who need spiritual encouragement to create, maintain and negate something that should be held, maintained and removed often special Shiva Rudra at Pura Luhur Uluwatu.
One characteristic of the ideal life according to Hindu view is created everything that should be created. Maintain something that should be maintained and eliminate something that should be eliminated. Create, maintain and remove anything that is worth it's not easy. Various obstacles will always be blocked.
In the face of many difficulties that people desperately need moral strength and mental endurance is tough. To get a moral virtue and mental endurance that one way to worship God the way with three manifestations. To cultivate creativity creative worship God in its manifestation as Brahma.
To have the determination to maintain something that should be maintained in its manifestation as the idol of Lord Vishnu. To get the power to remove something that should be eliminated in its manifestation as an idol of Lord Shiva. The third manifestation of God's spiritual energy that merges the Rudra Shiva is worshiped in the Pura Luhur Uluwatu.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is classified as Goda Jagat. Because Pura Pura Sad Goda and Padma Bhuwana it is classified as Goda Jagat Pura. At Pura Luhur Uluwatu is Batara Rudra worshiped in Meru Overlapping Three. On the right of Jaba Pura Luhur Uluwatu Pura Dalem no soldier as Pura Luhur Uluwatu development at the time of the arrival of Dang Hyang Danghyang the 16th century AD.
At Pura Dalem soldier there are three sculptures is a statue of Brahma, Good Queen Dalem soldier and Vishnu. Nice queen Dalem soldier that's actually in the form of Rudra Shiva Murti Puja. Tri Murti with energy worship statues means the system is a relic worship God by means of sculpture developed with pelinggih system. Because when he came to the Pura Dalem soldier worship system in Pura Luhur Uluwatu is very simple because the needs of the people it is still simple as that.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple also has some Jajar Prasanak or pecan. Pura Pura Prasanak include Parerepan in the village of Pecatu, Toadstool Pura Dalem, Pura Karang Boma, Selonding Pura Dalem, Pura Pangeleburan, Pura Pura Batu Metandal and Central Goa. All the Pura Prasanak are around the area in the village of Pura Luhur Uluwatu Pecatu. Generally Goda Jagat Pura Pura Prasanak have.
Pura Sad Goda stated in the Dewa Kusuma Papyrus is Sad Goda when Bali was still a kingdom. Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is one of the Pura Sad Goda expressed as the Papyrus Dewa Kusuma and also some other manuscripts. Pura Luhur Uluwatu temple is also expressed as Padma Bhuwana located in the southwest island of Bali.
The southwest was in the Hindu system sect pengider-ider Sidhanta Shiva is Rudra Shiva. In concept Sidhanta Shiva, god of Tri Murti it is a manifestation of Shiva as the name of God Almighty. But in the Vaishnava concept, it is the embodiment of Tri Murti Maha Vishnu.
In Rigveda I, 164. 46 stated that God is the Wipra god or holy men call it by many names. Happens to the Pura Luhur Uluwatu Temple Goda Jagat is established based on the conception and conception Padma Sad Winayaka Bhuwana. As a resident of Shiva Rudra to unearth purusa wisesa Tri Murti of God that guided people do the Tri Kona dynamics of his life by the creative to create something that should be created.
Creative preserve and protect something that ought to be preserved and protected. Likewise pralina efforts on something that should dipralina. Anyone who can do based on the concept of a balanced life Tri Kona was a great man because he was successful in his life. So God in Pura Luhur Uluwatu worshiped as Lord Shiva Rudra. Rudra in Sanskrit word meaning great or passionate.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu existence since the sixteenth century AD there related to Dang Hyang tirthayatra Danghyang. After they raised Three Overlapping Meru at Luhur Uluwatu temple worship of Lord Shiva as Rudra in which Brahma and Vishnu also aspects related to magical energy in the religious worship of Shiva Rudra in Meru Overlapping Three. Despite the arrival of Dang Hyang Danghyang expanding shrine at Pura Luhur Uluwatu not mean that there should have been left alone.
On the left before the entrance door of the temple there is a complex Bentar shrines called Dalem soldier. At Pura Dalem soldier is there are three statues Tri Murti which is a place of worship Shiva Rudra when MPU Kuturan founded the temple 11th century AD. Of Dalem soldier we continue to go through the temple Bentar.
In the middle jaba we turned left again there is a tub of water that always contains water even though dry season. It is considered a marvel of Pura Luhur Uluwatu. Because, in the village of Pecatu area is hilly calcareous rock that relies on rainwater. Water bath was sacred because it's magic. Purposes Tirtha water for ample material taken from the water bath.
Jaba the middle of this we continue to go through the temple Brackets Padu winged Mercury. No suspect this temple was made in the 11th century AD The temple was connected to the existing winged Brackets Sakenan temple. But there is also an opinion that the winged brackets like this temple in East Java in Spring Duwur ancient relics with Candra sengkala the Saka year mark with the sentence in the Old Javanese language as follows: Gunaning salira Tirtha wind, that showed the Saka year 1483 or in 1561 AD .
Brackets temple winged Mercury in Spring Mix with Candi Kurung Duwur Padu Mercury in Pura Luhur Uluwatu. Thus it seems more appropriate to say that the temple Brackets Mix and Mercury in Pura Luhur Uluwatu is made at the time of Dang Hyang Danghyang the XVI century. Because Dang Hyang Danghyang the one who expands Pura Luhur Uluwatu.
Once we get into the innards (the inside of the temple) we find that the most basic building Meru Overlapping the three places of worship of Lord Shiva Rudra. Other buildings are complementary building just like stories where laying ceremony and Hall Pawedaan where priests worshiping rites. Piodalan ceremony or similar big day Pura Luhur Uluwatu on Tuesday kliwon Wuku Medangsia or every 210 days based on calendar calculations Wuku.
Pura Luhur Uluwatu has a sacred area within a radius of about five kilometers. This region is called the region Kekeran, meaning sacred territories. That deserves our attention is called to protect the region Kekeran region. All parties should respect the Kekeran region to keep the existing building is not unrelated to the presence of the Pura Luhur Uluwatu.
Kekeran region it should be kept green with vegetation typical Bali. Dikreasi be along to develop forest vegetation with its Tanem tuwuh, so Kekeran area was really beautiful and holy well not be another pasilitas development. More-over by Bhisama Chastity Goda Jagat Pura Pura Pura Luhur Uluwatu like this should be kept no structures outside the temple with a radius apeneleng facility - about five miles - must be free of that building has nothing to do with the existence of Pura Luhur Uluwatu.